Errores comunes al redactar tu TFG

Los estudiantes tienden a cometer los mismos errores una y otra vez cuando escriben su TFG en inglés. Revisa la lista atentamente para intentar evitar cometer los mismos errores cuando escribas un texto en inglés.

Faltas de ortografía

Aunque el corrector ortográfico localiza la mayoría de los errores que puedas haber hecho, no se puede confiar en él eternamente. A continuación, algunas de las palabras que se siguen escribiendo mal en muchos TFG en inglés:

IncorrectoCorrecto
acheiveachieve
benifitbenefit
conciousconscious
definatelydefinitely
dependantdependent
disatisfieddissatisfied
existanceexistence
focussedfocused
heteroskedesticityheteroskedasticity
homogenushomogenous
imediateimmediate
labratorylaboratory
ocassionallyoccasionally
payedpaid
possespossess
practicalypractically
precedureprocedure
publicallypublicly
questionairequestionnaire
respondantrespondent
seperateseparate
skedesticityskedasticity
skewednessskewness
specificly,specifically
suceedsucceed
therefortherefore
undoubtablyundoubtedly
unforseenunforeseen
wetherwhether
wichwhich

Errores frecuentes en el lenguaje

Es raro que los TFG en inglés que editamos no contengan ninguno de los siguientes errores. No cometerlos aportará a tu texto mucha calidad, pudiendo así presentar un escrito más pulido y correcto.

IncorrectoCorrecto¿Por qué?
Researches were conducted.Research was conducted.Research es un sustantivo incontable.
Further, the chance of bias is high.Furthermore, the chance of bias is high.Further no significa “in addition” (además); furthermore
The amount of variables may change.The number of variables may change.Utiliza number para los sustantivos contables (p. ej., changes) y amount para los incontables (p. ej., air).
A MRI, a HR directiveAn MRI, an HR directiveUna abreviatura que inicia con vocal lleva siempre el artículo “an”.
The teenagers thatThe teenagers whoUtiliza who para personas y that para cosas.

Otros errores comunes en inglés se detallan por categoría a continuación:

Adjetivos

IncorrectoCorrectoEjemplo
Are both similarAre similarAlthough the two cases are similar, they are not identical.
PoliticPoliticalBoth economic and political factors were considered.
So called…, factor based…So-called…, factor-based…The so-called experts only conducted factor-based analyses.
SpeciallyEspeciallyThe authors were especially interested in inflation pressures.

Uso de mayúsculas

IncorrectoCorrectoEjemplo
Results Of The InterviewsResults of the interviews or Results of the InterviewsAdditional information is presented in Table 9 (Results of the interviews).

Conjunciones y términos de vinculación

IncorrectoCorrectoEjemplo
First of all, firstlyFirstFirst, all participants were given a survey.
However …However, …However, most theorists disagree.
LikeSuch asNorthern cities such as Oslo and Helsinki have long, dark winters.

Sustantivos / Frases con sustantivos

IncorrectoCorrectoEjemplo
Insights inInsights intoThe results offer valuable insights into the problem.
MNC’s, PC’sMNCs, PCsMost MNCs purchase thousands of PCs annually.
One criteriaOne criterionAlthough many criteria were considered, one criterion stood out
Research conclusionResearch conclusionsChapter 6 contains the research conclusions.
Taxi’s, umbrella’sTaxis, umbrellasTaxis are often full of forgotten umbrellas.
The childs behavior, the parents attitudeThe child’s behavior, the parents’ attitudeAlthough the child’s behavior was aggressive, her parents’ attitude was very relaxed.
Two analysisTwo analysesSeveral analyses were conducted, but one analysis was most fruitful.
Two hypothesisTwo hypothesesThis thesis proposes many hypotheses.

Preposiciones / Frases con preposiciones

IncorrectoCorrectoEjemplo
Besides, Next toIn addition toIn addition to building dams, the government also invested in roads.
From…till…From…to…The ages ranged from 18 to 24.
In the light ofIn light ofThe test was cancelled in light of the wind.
PerByThe participants were grouped by height.
To what extendTo what extentIt is not known to what extent the subjects were being truthful.

Pronombres

IncorrectoCorrectoEjemplo
A person…their…A person…his or her (or his/her)A researcher should cite his or her sources.
You…One…If one reads the study, one may indeed be convinced

Puntuación de números

IncorrectoCorrectoEjemplo
10.000,0010,000.00The price was exactly $10,000.00.
1960’s1960sMany styles of music emerged in the 1960s.

Cuantificadores

IncorrectoCorrectoEjemplo
A couple ofA few, two/three, a handful ofA few controversial questions were also included.
A lot ofMany, much, several, a great deal ofMuch time was spent on the test.

Términos utilizados en las citas

IncorrectoCorrectoEjemplo
Et al, Et all.Et al.The mutation is thought to be widespread (Han et al., 1999)
Et al. hasEt al. haveOmar et al. have asserted that the effect is temporary.

Verbos / Phrasal Verbs

IncorrectoCorrectoEjemplo
Choose yesterdayChose yesterdayThe project manager chose her team before planning began.
Divide inDivide intoThis thesis is divided into seven sections.
Lead yesterdayLed yesterdayAlthough the Liberals currently lead in the polls, the Conservatives led last week.
Make a photoTake a photoThe time was set to take photos at 20-second intervals.
Send yesterdaySent yesterdayThe email was sent to all employees.

Palabras que comúnmente se confunden

¿Cuál usar?Correcto¿Cuál es generalmente la diferencia?
Effect/affectThe effect was strong; the drug affected all members of the experimental group.Effect = noun
Affect = verb
Personnel/personalThe company’s personnel do not like to discuss their personal problems.Personnel = noun
Personal = adjective
Principal/principleThe principal author outlined the theories and principles that arose from the study.Principal = adjective
Principle = noun
Were/whereWhere were you?Were = verb
Where = adjective

Seguir estos consejos te ayudará a mejorar tu inglés académico escrito. ¡El siguiente paso es afinar tu escritura dependiendo de si estás utilizando inglés americano, británico o australiano!

¿Fue útil este artículo?
Marta

Marta es la responsable del mercado español en Scribbr. Es graduada en Administración y Dirección de Empresas y sabe lo complicado que puede llegar a ser escribir un buen documento académico. Es por eso que quiere ayudar al resto de estudiantes creando artículos que les faciliten la escritura de sus trabajos.

¿Tu TFG, TFM o tesis sin errores lingüísticos?

Obtén ayuda de un editor profesional de Scribbr.
Más info y tarifas »
Puntuación en Trustpilot de 9.8

Deja un comentario